Taking the right steps to prepare your home and family for the event of a fire, will give you extra time when facing an emergency. Part of that preparation is investing in home fire extinguishers that can be used in an emergency.
Fire classes of fire extinguishers
When it comes to home fire extinguishers, there are many types to choose from, and each one is effective for different fires. Here’s a list of the different classes:
Class A – Fire extinguishers with class A are designed to extinguish fires of solid materials such as firewood, plastic, fabric and paper. These extinguishers will serve you best if you keep them near the fireplace.
Class B -Extinguishers with class B should be used when the source of the fire is a flammable liquid such as petrol, oil, tar, polyethylene and their derivatives. Such flames can be extinguished quickly when the fuel source is removed, but can also spread quickly. This type of extinguisher should be stored in places such as a garage, workshop or shed.
Class C – Fire extinguishers with class C are used for burning gases e.g. methane, acetylene, propane. It occurs when the contact layer of the gas stream meet the air. A mixture of combustible gas with air or, in the right proportions, with other gases, is easily ignited by the smallest heat source, even a spark or a cigarette glow. An explosion of the gas-air mixture can do serious damage to the building and even to its surroundings.
Class D – Fire extinguishers with class D are perfect for combustible metals such as magnesium, titanium, zirconium, sodium, lithium and potassium (NFPA). Depending on their chemical composition, they consume oxygen from the air when burning, or as mixtures that contains oxidizers in them, they burn without access to air.
Class F – Class F fire extinguishers are the solution for fires that occurred in catering facilities and at home. Vegetable oil or animal fat, at high temperatures may spontaneously ignite and cause huge losses. Extinguishing such fires is very difficult, but possible with a little knowledge or special equipment.
Electrical and electronic equipment (Class E) – Fire extinguishers in this class are suitable for extinguishing live equipment. During a fire, a minimum distance of 1.5 m must be kept for safety reasons. During a fire, you must keep a minimum distance of 1.5 m for safety reasons.
Which one should you choose?
Deciding which home fire extinguisher is best, and where is best to store it, can be difficult. When looking for an extinguisher for your home, consider purchasing a gel-foam extinguisher, which, while retaining fire classes, will not cause additional damage to your apartment/house like a powder extinguisher. In terms of how many home fire extinguishers should be in your home, we recommend to have at least one per floor, so it could stay within reach in case of an emergency. Fire extinguishers should also be kept in the kitchen and garage. It is also important that you know when a fire cannot be contained. Fire extinguishers are only one part of a fire response plan, but the primary element is safe escape.